Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Thou are more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:
Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm’d
By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimm’d:
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest:
Nor shall death brag thou wanderest in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
So long lives this, this gives life to thee.
My Say on it
The above sonnet is not just glorious in terms of poetical beauty but also in terms of love that is being shown to the unknown beloved, whose beauty shall last as long as the words of this poem shall live.
The poem starts with a rhetorical question where the poet is asking his beloved to be compared, here there is both; the question and the answer that he will compare his love’s beauty to a beautiful summer day. He praises the beauty of his beloved to be even more lovelier than the day (summer day) itself.
The use of metaphors are there to further show the readers that the loved one’s beauty cannot be harmed or changed by the times and change of weather. The season may have changed, but the beauty will never fade.
Then the sun is being personified and portrayed as the as the eternal shining heaven that at times looses its vibrance to the clouds, but his love’s beauty shall never fade. The poet announces that all the beautiful things come to an end, but nothing can harm the appearance and personality of his beloved.
In the final couplet, Shakespeare gives reasons as to why his love will never loose the looks and charms. That is so, because he has made his love eternal, whose beauty and charms shall never die. Even with death itself. And the beauty will only grow with time, as he (Shakespeare) himself has captured his love’s beauty in these eternal lines and for as long as men have eyes they will read these lines, and as long as these lines are read, his beloved goes on living!